By Adrian Johansen, freelance writer; .
When you hear the words “cancer treatment,” you probably think of things like chemotherapy, radiation or even hair loss. While many cancer patients go through painful procedures that create uncomfortable and life-changing side effects, there might be new ways to help them deal with the disease and their care.
Virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) are technology trends in healthcare that have recently taken the industry by storm. While many researchers have been interested in this technology for some time, it’s only been in the past few years that studies have started to prove its usefulness in helping cancer patients undergoing care. Here are the essentials you should know to understand the use of VR and AR for cancer patients.
What are VR and AR?
Virtual reality is an immersive technology that closes the user off from the real world. Using a headset and video screen, the user can feel the experience of being transported to new locations. If you’re unfamiliar with this technology, do a quick online search to find videos of people who feel they are falling or that things are moving toward them in such a way that they instinctively shift their body to avoid contact. These videos are amusing, but this technology is so much more than just fun.
Augmented reality, often called AR, uses a camera or smartphone to add digital elements to the real world. Typical uses are lenses on the popular app Snapchat or the ever-intriguing game of Pokemon Go. AR has many applications in healthcare as well.
Use of VR and AR in healthcare
Medicine and other treatments are both palliative and curative. However, all medicines and procedures have limitations and at times create negative effects that patients must adapt to or learn to overcome. Researchers continually look for new ways to impact patient care with immersive technologies and other cutting-edge advancements. Both AR and VR have received acclaim for their role in the healthcare industry.
Not only can this tech help patients, but it can improve healthcare as a whole. A few of the ways VR is impacting healthcare can be seen in the treatment of chronic pain, the restoration of low vision in older patients or those with damaged vision, and the expedited recovery of patients after traumatic brain injury.
By Adrian Johansen, freelance writer; .
Your health is the most personal part of your life. Going into a doctor’s office or hospital makes a person feel vulnerable, even if they’re only there for a routine checkup. There’s an unspoken trust between patient and doctor that whatever is discussed or recorded will remain private. When your protected health information (PHI) gets out, either accidentally or purposefully, it can be embarrassing and seriously affect your life.
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) has been around since 1996. It was created to formalize data and privacy security requirements so that PHI remains safe. Healthcare administrators and staff such as nurses who work with patient records must be trained in these regulations, and they also must know how to handle HIPAA violations.
The growth of HIPAA violations
HIPAA compliance has always been important, but it’s become even more of a hot topic in recent years as the number of data breaches has climbed. Between 2009 and 2015, HIPAA violations occurred mainly because of loss or theft of healthcare records and PHI. Encryption and improved policies reduced those types of breaches. From 2015 to 2018, top causes of HIPAA violations included hacking incidents and unauthorized access and disclosures. There’s more than one healthcare data breach reported per day, and nearly 190,000,000 healthcare records have been stolen or exposed since 2009.
Common HIPAA security violations
A HIPPA violation involves the loss or unauthorized access of PHI. This includes identifying information that gets out, such as the patient’s name, date of birth, contact information, photos, or healthcare records. A data breach may occur when:
- A tech device, like a laptop, smartphone or USB, is lost or stolen
- PHI is accidentally sent to the wrong patient
- A break-in at the medical office results in theft of patient records
- A cybersecurity breach occurs, like hacking, malware or ransomware
- Employees talk about PHI outside the medical office
- There’s a security breach by a business associate or another unauthorized individual
- PHI is shared online (such as via social media) or via text
- When developing a mobile health app, the software does not follow software-specific HIPAA requirements
- Privacy rights are violated while discussing a case in court. Note that there are times when privacy laws may be temporarily waived, like during a medical malpractice case